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CAPITAL GAINS TAX - ENTREPRENEURS RELIEF

2018/19

2017/18

Notes

Lifetime limit of gains - maximum ER available during lifetime

£10 million

£10 million

For 2010/11, £2 million for the period 6.4.2010-22.6.2010 and £5 million for the period 23.6.2010 - 5.4.2011.


CAPITAL GAINS ANNUAL EXEMPTION

2018/19

2017/18

Notes

Annual exempt amount for individuals and personal representatives and trusts for disabled persons

£11,700

£11,300

Personal representatives are entitled to the annual exempt amount for the tax year in which an individual dies and the following two tax years.


Annual exempt amount for other trusts

£5,850

£5,650

CAPITAL GAINS TAX RATES

2018/19

2017/18

Notes

Basic rate taxpayers

10%

10%

The lower capital gains tax rates do not apply to chargeable gains arising from the sale of residential properties

Higher rate taxpayers

20%

20%

Residential property gains - basic rate taxpayers

18%

18%

Residential property gains - higher rate taxpayers

28%

28%

Rates for trustees and personal representatives

20%/28%

20%/28%

As for individuals

Rates for Entrepreneurs Relief (ER)

10%

10%

Entrepreneurs Relief applies to individuals or trustees who dispose of a material interest in a trading company, either by selling shares or trade assets in a company.

Capital Gains Tax

CAPITAL LOSSES - INDIVIDUALS & TRUSTEES

Relief against

Notes

Current year capital losses - excluding below


Current year capital gains

All current year losses must be offset against current year gains - this could mean that the annual exemption is lost. Any excess losses not relieved are carried forward.

Capital losses made on shares originally subscribed for in unquoted trading companies or EIS

Total income of the same tax year and/or the previous tax year in either order

An occasion when a capital loss can be set off to reduce income tax.

Capital losses brought forward

Future capital gains - but only to the extent that they exceed the annual exemption for the year

Only claim enough capital losses brought forward so that the capital gains to be taxed is exactly the same as annual exempt amount.


CAPITAL LOSSES - COMPANIES

Relief against

Notes

Current year capital losses


Current year capital gains or against current year gains in group companies


Any excess losses not relieved are carried forward.

Capital losses brought forward


Future capital gains